The European Commission
The European Commission is based in Brussels, Belgium, and it is the executive branch of the European Union. In general, the European Commission makes proposals for European laws, manages the policies of the EU, allocate funding, ensures that EU legislation is appropriately applied, institutes proceedings against the Member States or businesses that fail to comply with the EU law, and represents the EU internationally. In addition to the overall non-exhaustive list given above, the Commission has specific powers on the competition policy of the EU.
The competition policy of the EU derives out of the object to establish and ensure the functioning of the internal market under the Article 3 and Article 26 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union(TFEU). In addition to that, Protocol No. 27 on the Internal Market and Competition states that competition shall not be distorted to ensure the pursuing of Article 3 of the TFEU and any necessary action shall be taken under the provisions of the Treaties. Since therefore, the EU’s rules on competition are designed to ensure fair and equal conditions for businesses, thus providing better quality goods, services at lower prices while leaving space for innovation and unified standards. Correspondingly, the Commission is authorized to investigate present or prospective anticompetitive behavior, mergers and state aid that harms the EU internal market. As a result of the investigations, the Commission is competent to give binding decisions and impose fines on the parties to the anticompetitive behavior.
The participants of the Justinianus Moot Courts ’20 will decide on the renowned case of Google v. European Commission and have the opportunity to improve their knowledge of competition law together with a focus on the EU competition policy. The participants will discuss whether Google has a dominant position in the EU market and whether it abused its professed dominant position distorting the competition under Article 102 of the TFEU.
Co-Under Secretary-General: Ceren Gürel
Co-Under Secretary-General: Gizem Yıldız
Academic Assistant: Ezgi Işık